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Does Premenstrual Syndrome Exist?

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Premenstrual syndrome is a critical and most troublesome part of women’s life. Few people don’t take it seriously; they feel it’s an emotional drama to attract attention. 

But yes, PMS exist!

What is premenstrual syndrome?

PMS is emotional and physical changes in menstruating women due to the fluctuation in hormone levels. 

It starts a week to a few days prior to the menstrual cycle

Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome

There are a lot of changes happening in women’s bodies physically and emotionally.  A few of them are – 

  • Most of the women feel tired, fatigued or have low energy levels. 
  • Bloating or fullness around the abdomen. 
  • Tenderness, heaviness and pain in the breast.
  • Sometimes low appetite or sometimes craving for a specific food. 
  • Body pain or muscle pain. 
  • Some may observe headaches or migraine episodes. 
  • Mood swings are the most common symptom experienced by many women. They feel irritated, have a sudden urge to cry, sadness or low feeling. 
  • Some women may feel anxiety, nervousness, lack of concentration, frustration, restlessness and insomnia

Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome

The exact cause of Premenstrual syndrome is unknown. But some factors can contribute to it. 

Hormonal changes – Before the menstrual cycle there is a fluctuation in the level of oestrogen and progesterone. 

Changes in the oestrogen and progesterone level bring changes in the neurotransmitter level and cause mood swings. 

Neurotransmitters – Serotonin and Gamaaminobuyric acid (GABA) are neurotransmitters.  The level of these neurotransmitters reduces in some women before their cycle and contributes to emotional changes. 

Genetic – In some cases PMS runs in the family. If you have a strong history of PMS in your family you may be at risk to get it. 

Lifestyle – Food, lack of exercise and stress can also contribute to PMS. 

How to deal with Premenstrual Syndrome?

There is no specific treatment. You may treat it symptomatically.

  • Regular exercise or yoga.
  • Healthy and nutritious dietary habits. 
  • Avoid fast food.
  • Drink enough water. 
  • Get sound sleep for 7-8 hours.
  • Practice stress relief techniques like meditation or deep breathing exercises. 
  • Pamper yourself with your favourite food, head massage or spa. 
  • Do your favourite activities.
  • Take a rest.
  • Take pain relief medication if you feel extreme pain.

Conclusion

Premenstrual syndrome is not a disease, it’s a symptom. That occurs for a few days and varies from woman to woman. Don’t overthink it, don’t be frustrated. 

Love yourself more, pamper yourself. 

Consult a gynaecologist in the extreme case.

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