Monkeypox! A new disease name is bashing in our ears nowadays.
More than 6000 cases and three deaths have been reported in 60 countries this year. And one case was found in India recently.
Let’s understand deeply about it.
What is Monkeypox?
It is a viral zoonosis (a disease caused by the transmission of a virus from animal to human)—almost the same as smallpox eradicated long back.
It can be transmitted through direct contact with blood, body fluids and skin lesions of infected animals.
Animal-like squirrels, rats and monkeys are susceptible to monkeypox.
Human to human transmission occurs due to close contact with an infected person. Droplet infection, respiratory secretion and contaminated clothes.
What are the symptoms of Monkeypox?
The incubation period (interval from infection to onset of symptoms) is 6-13 days.
- Fever, headache, muscle pain, lymph node swelling and fatigue are the main symptoms that last for 5 days.
- Skin rashes usually begin after 3 days of fever. They are found chiefly on the face, palms, soles and oral mucosa.
- The sequence of the lesion is – Macules (flat lesion) – Papules (Slightly raised from the base) – Vesicles (lesion with clear fluid) – Pustules (lesion with pus).
- After that, they dried off and crusted.
These symptoms last for 2-4 weeks.
What is the risk factor for Monkeypox?
- Children are more susceptible to it due to lower immunity.
- People above the age of 40.
- Health workers who can come directly into contact with an infected person.
How to diagnose?
Your physician may advise you on blood investigation. And clinical symptoms help them to diagnose it.
What is the available treatment for Monkeypox?
- Isolation is an essential part as soon as symptoms appear.
- A physician may prescribe you antiviral medication.
- Proper nutrition and increased oral fluid intake are advisable to reduce fatigue.
A new disease is introduced to all of us.
Prevention is the most crucial part of this case. Spreading awareness and educating the people about Monkeypox help us control its outbreak.
As soon as you find any symptoms, consult your physician and take the necessary steps advised by them.
Do not hide anything from physicians and local bodies. It may create a hazardous situation for us in the future.
Any doubts about Monkeypox? Drop them in the comments.