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Hemorrhoids – Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

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Hemorrhoids are also called Piles. 50% of adults at the age of 40-50 suffer from it.

Hemorrhoids are swelling veins around the anus or inner aspect of the lower rectum. 

Types of Hemorrhoids 

Internal – It is developed at the inner aspect of the rectum or anus. It is painless. They are painless. They can cause internal bleeding.

External – This is a very common type of hemorrhoid. This form is at the outer aspect of the anus. It can cause swelling, pain, and protrusion.

Symptoms of hemorrhoids

  • Pain and irritation around the anus. 
  • Itching around the anus.
  • Painful lump with swelling.
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Bleeding while defecating.

Causes

  • Constipation is a major cause of it.
  • Straining while defecating.
  • Long sitting, especially on toilet seats.
  • If you have a strong family history, there are chances of you getting it.

Risk factors

Hemorrhoids can cause strain while bowel movements. Like during constipation or diarrhea.

Also when you are sitting for a long time in the toilet it can cause hemorrhoids.

The size of the uterus increases during pregnancy and can give pressure on the colon causing bulge and you can get hemorrhoids. Anal intercourse also can give rise to it.

If you have a family history of hemorrhoids, chances of you getting it from your parents. Also, obesity or heavy lifting can give rise to hemorrhoids.

Diagnosis 

Your doctor can diagnose it with a rectum examination. If you have external hemorrhoid, the doctor can find it visually or they can do it with a proctoscope.

For diagnosis of internal hemorrhoids, they can do it with an endoscope. There are three types of it: anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy.

An anoscopy examines the inside of your anus, a sigmoidoscopy examines the last part of your colon, and a colonoscopy explores the entire colon.

In these, a small fiber-optic camera fits into a tube. This tube inserts into your rectum and your doctor can see your rectum entirely and is able to easily diagnose.

Sigmoidoscopy
Colonscopy

Treatment of piles

In the initial stage, you can treat hemorrhoids at home. 

Home remedies

You can sit in warm water for 10-15 minutes twice a day to relieve pain.

You can use an air cushion to sit, as you can avoid pressure on hemorrhoids while sitting.

Keep your anus clean. Wash it with soap and warm water.

To relieve itching around the anus you can apply ointment.

Include fibrous food like corn, orange, sweet lime in your diet for easy bowel movements and to avoid constipation.

Medical treatment 

If you are not benefited from home remedies, your doctor can give you painkillers or suppositories to reduce pain.

Or in severe cases, surgical removal of hemorrhoids can be suggested by your doctor.

Conclusion

  • To prevent hemorrhoids avoid straining during bowel movements.
  • Avoid sitting on a hard surface for a long time.
  • Include corn, orange, sweet lime, oats, and carrots in your diet.
  • Drink 2-3 liters of water daily.
  • Avoid holding back your motion, use the restroom whenever you require.
  • Consult your doctor if you find bleeding while defecating, it’s not only the reason for hemorrhoids, it may be another cause too.

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